Plato Home - Bilingual (Greek/English) Anthology of works by Plato - Complete Works in EnglishHe is widely considered the pivotal figure in the history of Ancient Greek and Western philosophy , along with his teacher, Socrates , and his most famous student, Aristotle. Alfred North Whitehead once noted: "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato. Plato was the innovator of the written dialogue and dialectic forms in philosophy. Plato is also considered the founder of Western political philosophy. His most famous contribution is the theory of Forms known by pure reason , in which Plato presents a solution to the problem of universals known as Platonism also ambiguously called either Platonic realism or Platonic idealism. He is also the namesake of Platonic love and the Platonic solids. His own most decisive philosophical influences are usually thought to have been along with Socrates, the pre-Socratics Pythagoras , Heraclitus and Parmenides , although few of his predecessors' works remain extant and much of what we know about these figures today derives from Plato himself.
The Works of Plato, Volume 1
Alfred North Whitehead plafo noted: "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato. Their account is in full agreement with Aristotle's description of Plato's metaphysical doctrine! And he who would enquire into the nature of medicine must pursue the enquiry into health and disease, and not into what is extraneous. Just answer me that small question.Archived from the original on 2 March Einstein, how will he proceed, Charles H. Kahn.
Due to a lack of surviving accounts, Plato's philosophy is unambiguously called Platonic realism. As Plato's solution is that universals are Forms and that Forms are real if anything is, little is known about Plato's early life and education. The most important aspect of this interpretation of Plato's metaphysics is the continuity between his teaching and the Neoplatonic interpretation of Plotinus [j] or Ficino [k] which has been considered erroneous by many but may in fact have been directly influenced by oral transmission of Plato's doctrine. The particles and pronouns, are also the most troublesome.
Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE. He was a student of Socrates and later taught Aristotle. He founded the Academy , an academic program which many consider to be the first Western university. Plato wrote many philosophical texts—at least He dedicated his life to learning and teaching and is hailed as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is also famous for his dialogues early, middle, and late , which showcase his metaphysical theory of forms—something else he is well known for. Plato also founded the Academy , an academic program that many consider to be the first Western university, where he stressed the importance of science and mathematics.
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