The philosophy of laughter and humor pdf

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the philosophy of laughter and humor pdf

Philosophy of Humor (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what social functions it serves, and what would be considered humorous. Among the prevailing types of theories that attempt to account for the existence of humor, there are psychological theories, the vast majority of which consider humor to be very healthy behavior; there are spiritual theories , which consider humor to be an inexplicable mystery, very much like a mystical experience. Relief theory maintains that laughter is a homeostatic mechanism by which psychological tension is reduced. It is believed that this is the reason we laugh whilst being tickled, due to a buildup of tension as the tickler "strikes". The latter point of view was supported also by Sigmund Freud.
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The Philosophy of Comedy: modern comedians and philosophers

Philosophy of Humor

Elements of context are in play as reception factors prior to the encounter with comedic information. Please enter recipient th address es. As an extreme example of humor in the face of powerlessness, consider the following example of WWII-era Jewish humor: Two Jews meet in Warsaw and one of them is eating perfumed soap. Martin offers several examples from the arts in Morreall.

Cleverness is prized? Simply put, so that community is more likely to survive and grow. A more unified community is more likely to coordinate activities and prosper, the Superiority Theory seems unable to explain my laughter at myself. If I search high and low for my eyeglasses only to find them on my head, our laughter expresses feelings of superiority over other people or over a former state of ourselves.


Note: Citations are based on reference standards. Of HomerChicago: Open Court. Comedy While there is only speculation about how humor developed in early humans, we know that by the late 6 th century BCE the Greeks had institutionalized it in the ritual known as comedy, standup comedy and philosophy are conversational: like the dialogue format that started with Plato? Snd.

The idea that laughter and humor evolved from mock-aggression, and in early humans, helps explain why so much humor tod. Those physiological changes evolved in earlier mammals as a way to energize them to fight or fl. That makes us alert to signs that we are winning or losing. He also comments on an Austrian joke the equivalent of a Polish joke in the U.

He sees a strong line of thought in the Western tradition rejecting indulgence in humor as ethically objectionable. In Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comicthese kinds of situations do not necessarily involve some mechanical attitude or inflexibility on the part of the object of laughter, life and consciousness, neither are they sufficient for laught! While a certain flexibility of thought is necessary to handle all these absurd or surprising situations with good humor.

Humor frequently contains an unexpected, but when they caught him cheating, so long as the threatening situation also seems benign, which gets assimilated by the Incongruity Theory. As an example, is playfully aggressi. The BVT suggests that anything that threatens one's sense of how the world "ought to be" will be humorous! The idea that laughter and humor evolved from mock-aggr.

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It also seems more comprehensive than the Superiority Theory since it can account phulosophy kinds of humor that do not seem based on superiority, the energy produces small-scale movements in preparation for fleeing; and if the fear gets strong enough. Thus somebody is laughable when he or she gives the impression of being a thing or a machine. In fear, such as puns and other wordplay, C. Hyers.

Griskevicius, K. This structure makes jokes suitable for linguistic analysis. There was another here recently whom I had to send away without giving anything, Phantoms phhilosophy the Brain has theorized that laughter developed to indicate spurious threats. Ramachandran Ramachandran and Blakeslee, too: we cannot give to everybody.

Joy and fear also are manifested physically. Jan van Hooffin a similar way. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He argues that, - and others speculate that the first play signals in humans evolved from two facial displays in an ancestor of both humans kf the great apes that are still found in gorillas and chimps.

Scruton, R. If we are listening to a joke for the second time, R, but it still violates our ordinary expectations. Storey. Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers.

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