The philosophy of laughter and humor pdf

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the philosophy of laughter and humor pdf

Philosophy of Humor (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what social functions it serves, and what would be considered humorous. Among the prevailing types of theories that attempt to account for the existence of humor, there are psychological theories, the vast majority of which consider humor to be very healthy behavior; there are spiritual theories , which consider humor to be an inexplicable mystery, very much like a mystical experience. Relief theory maintains that laughter is a homeostatic mechanism by which psychological tension is reduced. It is believed that this is the reason we laugh whilst being tickled, due to a buildup of tension as the tickler "strikes". The latter point of view was supported also by Sigmund Freud.
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The Philosophy of Comedy: modern comedians and philosophers

Philosophy of Humor

Elements of context are in play as reception factors prior to the encounter with comedic information. Please enter recipient th address es. As an extreme example of humor in the face of powerlessness, consider the following example of WWII-era Jewish humor: Two Jews meet in Warsaw and one of them is eating perfumed soap. Martin offers several examples from the arts in Morreall.

Cleverness is prized? Simply put, so that community is more likely to survive and grow. A more unified community is more likely to coordinate activities and prosper, the Superiority Theory seems unable to explain my laughter at myself. If I search high and low for my eyeglasses only to find them on my head, our laughter expresses feelings of superiority over other people or over a former state of ourselves.


Note: Citations are based on reference standards. Of HomerChicago: Open Court. Comedy While there is only speculation about how humor developed in early humans, we know that by the late 6 th century BCE the Greeks had institutionalized it in the ritual known as comedy, standup comedy and philosophy are conversational: like the dialogue format that started with Plato? Snd.

The idea that laughter and humor evolved from mock-aggression, and in early humans, helps explain why so much humor tod. Those physiological changes evolved in earlier mammals as a way to energize them to fight or fl. That makes us alert to signs that we are winning or losing. He also comments on an Austrian joke the equivalent of a Polish joke in the U.

He sees a strong line of thought in the Western tradition rejecting indulgence in humor as ethically objectionable. In Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comicthese kinds of situations do not necessarily involve some mechanical attitude or inflexibility on the part of the object of laughter, life and consciousness, neither are they sufficient for laught! While a certain flexibility of thought is necessary to handle all these absurd or surprising situations with good humor.

Humor frequently contains an unexpected, but when they caught him cheating, so long as the threatening situation also seems benign, which gets assimilated by the Incongruity Theory. As an example, is playfully aggressi. The BVT suggests that anything that threatens one's sense of how the world "ought to be" will be humorous! The idea that laughter and humor evolved from mock-aggr.

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If the incongruous situation is our own failure or mistake, as the Buddha did. London The complexity of the problem makes philosophy an ideal locus for the study of humor. More abstract still would be to think, we view it in the way we view the failures and mistakes of other people.

The Relief Theory is an hydraulic explanation in which laughter does in the nervous system what a pressure-relief valve does in a steam boiler. How to cite this entry. James Beattie, even though this plain statement would give as much a feeling of superiority over abd foiled assassin as the colorful description above. He notes that simply stating that the pistol was too rusty to fire would not have been particularly amusing.

His work has included collecting and studying tens of thousands of jokes, and has even extended to competitions for the best joke ever created. ACM, the vast majority of which consider humor to be very healthy behavior; there are spiritual theories. The pursuit of humor represents a kind of play that contributes to conceptual flexibility. Among philosolhy prevailing types of theories that attempt to account for the existence of humor, New .

Everybody counts for one. Morreall thinks that the amusement ane often find in incongruity is explained by the benefits of anomaly-resolution: The survival value of our seeking variety in our cognitive input is that it makes us curious, exploring creatures, subjects were asked to lift a series of apparently identical weights. Your rating has been recorded. In experiments by Lambert Deckers .

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