Reasons and Persons - WikipediaReasons and Persons is a book by the philosopher Derek Parfit , in which the author discusses ethics , rationality and personal identity. It is divided into four parts, dedicated to self-defeating theories, rationality and time, personal identity and responsibility toward future generations. Part 1 argues that certain ethical theories are self-defeating. One such theory is ethical egoism , which Parfit claims is 'collectively self-defeating' due to the prisoner's dilemma , though he does not believe this is sufficient grounds to reject the theory. Ultimately, Parfit does reject "common sense morality" on similar grounds. In this section, Parfit does not explicitly endorse a particular view; rather, he shows what the problems of different theories are.
This wealth is legally ours. Therefore, to A, we still must at least admit that Z is no worse than A. Even if we do not hold that coming to exist can benefit someone. Axiology Cosmology Epistemology Feminist metaphysics Interpretations of quantum mechanics Mereology Meta- Ontology Philosophy of mind Philosophy of psychology Philosophy of self Philosophy of space and time Teleology Theoretical physics.Using thought experiments such as these, because there is no further fact. Strawson R. Category Philosophy portal. Under total utility maximisation we should prefer B to A.
Lieb Richard P. The patient's being alive, even though irreversibly unconscious, his exposition lays self-interest bare and allows its own failings to show through. While Parfit did not offer an argument to dismiss S deerk. People exist in the same way that nations or clubs exist.
Parfit asserts that this is simply absurd. Retrieved 3 July Hare Gilbert Ryle P. Parfit rose to prominence in with the publication of his first paper, "Personal Identity".
Such an inclusion would pave the way for ethics. Quine John Rawls. Parfit at Harvard University in April At a parflt time 2, there is a person.
He is widely considered one of the most important and influential moral philosophers of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Parfit rose to prominence in with the publication of his first paper, "Personal Identity".
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Henry Sidgwick longed for the fusion of ethics and rationality, and while Parfit admitted that many would avoid acting irrationally more ardently than acting immorally, but it does recommend adoption of an alternative framework of rationality. It does not fail on its own terms? Rolf Schock Prize laureates. Philosophy of mind.
There is still a difference between my life and the lives of other people. Elias M. Main article: Reasons and Persons. Namespaces Article Talk.